Starry Parade

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“Since her death in 1979, the woman who discovered what the universe is made of has not so much as received a memorial plaque. Her newspaper obituaries do not mention her greatest discovery. […] Every high school student knows that Isaac Newton discovered gravity, that Charles Darwin discovered evolution, and that Albert Einstein discovered the relativity of time. But when it comes to the composition of our universe, the textbooks simply say that the most abundant atom in the universe is hydrogen. And no one ever wonders how we know.”

Jeremy Knowles, discussing the complete lack of recognition Cecilia Payne gets, even today, for her revolutionary discovery. (via alliterate)

OH WAIT LEMME TELL YOU ABOUT CECILIA PAYNE.

Cecilia Payne’s mother refused to spend money on her college education, so she won a scholarship to Cambridge.

Cecilia Payne completed her studies, but Cambridge wouldn’t give her a degree because she was a woman, so she said fuck that and moved to the United States to work at Harvard.

Cecilia Payne was the first person ever to earn a Ph.D. in astronomy from Radcliffe College, with what Otto Strauve called “the most brilliant Ph.D. thesis ever written in astronomy.”

Not only did Cecilia Payne discover what the universe is made of, she also discovered what the sun is made of (Henry Norris Russell, a fellow astronomer, is usually given credit for discovering that the sun’s composition is different from the Earth’s, but he came to his conclusions four years later than Payne—after telling her not to publish).

Cecilia Payne is the reason we know basically anything about variable stars (stars whose brightness as seen from earth fluctuates). Literally every other study on variable stars is based on her work.

Cecilia Payne was the first woman to be promoted to full professor from within Harvard, and is often credited with breaking the glass ceiling for women in the Harvard science department and in astronomy, as well as inspiring entire generations of women to take up science.

Cecilia Payne is awesome and everyone should know her.

(via bansheewhale)

Posted 4 days ago With 158,939 notes

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soltreis:

there is no land between the sky and the seathere is only a place where shadow sleeps
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triptophobias:

backwardsorbust:

ellavictorious:

That’s fucked up. That’s real fucked up. That’s some ice spider shit and I do not approve.

That is the sickest shit ever

i just imagined a tiny little ice-spider on the mirror singing ‘let it go’ as he builds his little icy webby fortress.
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lcrumithancock:

 

8 Ways to Study Better:
1.) You can prevent yourself from forgetting up to 80% of the material by reviewing a lecture or study content within 24 hours.
2.) Instead of re-reading information again and again, close your eyes and recite as much as possible from memory. This can cement long-term memorization.
3.) If available, take practice tests. One study showed that students retained 50% more of the material if they testing themselves after learning something.
4.) Become more efficient when studying with flashcards by using the Leitner System. Repeat flashcards that you have difficulty with more often than those you’ve memorized.
5.) Listening to classical music while studying may activate the parts of your brain that can help you pay attention and make predictions. It can also improve your mood.
6.) Consider exercising before your next study session. It may help make your mind more alert, and give you the endurance you need to study for several hours.
7.) Instead of trying to memorize information, make connections between the material’s ideas. This may help you remember more material in less time.
8.) When you study, focus on only studying. Multitasking can handicap learning as your attention is split between each task.